We have talked about trying to control others the past 2 posts and using guilt is one form of manipulation designed to MAKE others do what we want them to do. But there are more forms of emotional manipulation yet to explore!
Let’s focus on the MARTYR today. There are two kinds of martyrs.
1. The first kind of martyr honors God by being willing to suffer and even die in the Name of Christ. He/she won’t renounce his/her faith and clings to Christ even if they must pay the ultimate price. That kind of martyr is one that brings great honor and glory to God. All of the apostles, except for John, died as martyrs. John would have died as a martyr, but he survived being boiled in oil.
2. The second kind of martyr involves emotional manipulation of other people.
Here is Wikipedia’s definition
In psychology, a person who has a martyr complex, sometimes associated with the term victim complex, desires the feeling of being a martyr for his/her own sake, seeking out suffering or persecution because it feeds a psychological need.
In some cases, this results from the belief that the martyr has been singled out for persecution because of exceptional ability or integrity. Theologian Paul Johnson considers such beliefs a topic of concern for the mental health of clergy. Other martyr complexes involve willful suffering in the name of love or duty. This has been observed in women, especially in poor families, as well as in codependent or abusive relationships. It has also been described as a facet of Jewish-American folklore.
The desire for martyrdom is sometimes considered a form of masochism. Allan Berger, however, described it as one of several patterns of “pain/suffering seeking behavior”, including asceticism and penance.
WHAT IS A MARTYR’S STRATEGY IN RELATIONSHIPS?
A martyr is controlling and believes that she has the right and duty to control other people and to force them to do things her way – this is one facet of idolatry of self, elevating self and one’s own will above God in one’s life. (I am just choosing the female gender since I am addressing women – and for the sake of simplicity, but men can act like martyrs, too).
A martyr attempts to control by guilt and emotional manipulation – but there is an added twist. The martyr tries to control people by garnering empathy for her own suffering. She acts like a victim.
Here is a great definition from www.reference.com
- No! I’LL do the dishes… I ALWAYS have to do them anyway. Why should tonight be any different. You never help me. I have to do all the work around here. (And if you try to do the dishes, she will argue and fight you about it!)
- Sure, I’ll make the bread from scratch the way you like it. Of course, it’s such a hassle to have to go through all that work. I won’t have time to do the things I really needed to do today. My back just aches from having to stand there and kneed the dough.
- I’ll go get the baby. You just go back to sleep. I’m sure you’re tired, aren’t you? Of course, I have been getting up every 3 hours around the clock for 3 months and I NEVER get a good night’s sleep – but don’t mind about me! Your sleep is much more important than mine! (And then MORE complaining the next day about what a horrible father the husband is for not getting up with the baby – often the complaining is heard by every other person the martyr comes in contact with.)
- Here is an example a wife sent me: it wasn’t a spouse, but I used to volunteer for an animal rescue group, and one of the main directors did this. She would go on and on and on about how much she had to do, and how she worked on the animal stuff an additional 40 hours plus her job plus her family each week, and she gave up this and that, and there was no gratitude and no help, etc etc. So I tried to help and suggest solutions and offered to take on some of her tasks. but she would never accept ANY help, and just kept complaining and “Oh, woe is me,” and eventually I just stopped offering. Apparently she did that with everyone who came along and ran everyone off. in this way, she made sure she was still always in charge of everything, but the organization (and the animals) really lost a lot – new people, new volunteers, new ideas – because these were perceived as a threat by this lady.
- Go on and fish with your buddies. Have a great time! I’ll just be here taking care of the children AGAIN like I always do and scrubbing the floors with a toothbrush. I’ll probably rub my knuckles raw again. But SOMEONE has to do the work around here.
A martyr often WILL NOT directly ask for what she wants. She expects people to read her mind. She will not ask for help. She vehemently refuses assistance and complains about how no one will help the whole time. She will NOT say how she feels or what she needs. Then she resents other people for “making” her do all the work.
A martyr is in a self-made prison. She is held captive by her idols and resentment. She desperately needs delivery from the enemy.
DEALING WITH A MARTYR IN A GODLY WAY
Whew! This is a tough one – definitely need the power of God’s Spirit to handle this stuff! You cannot change a martyr. But you can control your behavior and not allow him/her to control you. Sometimes calling a martyr’s bluff can be useful:
MARTYR: Fine, go out with your friends and have a great time and leave me stuck here with the kids. I barely slept last night at all, you know. And I have such a headache. But you go enjoy yourself. Why should you have to do anything difficult around here?
YOU: Wow! You sound grumpy! Why don’t you tell me what you actually need. I love you and care about you. And I will do my best to help you if you just say what you need, please.
YOU: I’ll take the kids and you can get a nap. Ok! Bye! (This works especially well if the martyr truly is sleep-deprived. She may not be able to think clearly enough to make herself go take a nap.)
YOU: What would you like to do?/ What do you need?. If you aren’t feeling up to keeping the kids, please say so. If you are going to resent doing it, then I will take them.
YOU: Have you taken your thyroid pill today? (Someone on thyroid meds gets REALLY grumpy if they skip a dose!)
YOU: Have you eaten anything today/lately? (Some people with low blood sugar or diabetes get REALLY grumpy when their sugar is low – so do many pregnant women.)
if you know it is totally an act
YOU: Ok, Bye! (Then you will have to be able and willing to ignore the tongue lashing later about how much she suffered by having to watch the children.)
YOU: You’re obviously upset. How about you say what you want and what you need and how you are feeling. Are you not feeling well?
The key here, in my view, is not to get sucked into the guilt. If this is someone who you have known has been a martyr for a long time, and they have used this strategy on you many times… they will continue to do so because they think it works. It gives them a payoff of feeling good for suffering and being a victim. And she thinks he will be able to control you by her suffering. If you have offered to help and she continues to refuse – you really can’t force help on her. In my experience, if you do force help on a martyr, she may get REALLY, REALLY, REALLY upset. BUT if she is not well physically/emotionally – you may need to direct her to bed, to eat, to rest, to take her medicine, etc.
It is possible that just ignoring the emotional manipulation and guilt messages and victim messages might be effective – at least for you to maintain your sanity. But I think it can be helpful to put the martyr on the spot and ask her to clearly state her needs in order to get what she wants/needs. And I think you can clearly state what you need and want kindly, gently and respectfully.
It is VERY difficult, in human terms, to love a martyr. They tend to swat down any expressions of love, or any acts of service, and sometimes even gifts. They tend to be argumentative, contentious, grumpy, irritable, self-righteous, critical, judgmental and prideful. I can’t change that. I can pray for the martyr. I can pray for God to use me to share something healing. I can try to counter the lies the person believes with the truth of God’s Word. I can respond with love, patience, kindness and gentleness. But I believe I have to be careful not to allow the guilt and manipulation to control me.
So, I do what I believe is right before God and do what I can to show love and then don’t worry about the martyr’s feelings. I treat him/her with love and respect, but allow the martyr to handle his/her own feelings and emotions. I am not responsible for another person’s emotions. I am responsible for my behavior and my obedience to Christ. I am responsible to listen to the Holy Spirit and honor God in my behavior. I am not responsible FOR the martyr. It is not my job to rescue him/her. It is not my job to make him/her understand grace. I can show grace. I can demonstrate respect. I can demonstrate a healthy way to ask for what I need and want. I can tell him/her that God loves him/her no matter how much he/she works or does chores.
And then I trust God to be sovereign over this martyr’s life and to open his/her spiritual eyes. I do not allow myself to become emotionally entangled in that web. I keep a healthy distance so that I am not trying to take on the responsibility of making him/her be happy. I can’t make him/her happy. He/she can only find true joy in Christ.
WHAT IF I AM A MARTYR?
First, if I am sick, in pain, exhausted or hormonal, I believe the most spiritual thing I can do is take care of my needs so that I don’t become a drain on my husband and children.
But if my attitude is not due to a physical reason, it is time to do some digging!
- The idol of self, being in control, being sovereign instead of God has to go
- being “right” and knowing better than God and other people has to go.
- The idol of suffering has to go. It’s time to tear all that out and build only on the foundation of Christ. Pride has to go. True humility must become part of your character by God’s power.
- Fear has to go. It’s time to replace that with faith. And that will start by having a much better understanding of God’s power and sovereignty and your own smallness and weakness.
- It’s time to repent of all that sin, the idolatry, the pride, the controlling other people, the complaining and the ungrateful spirit, the critical spirit, the lack of faith in God, the manipulation of other people..
- It’s time to completely submit to Christ and seek HIS will above your own.
- Self and your own will, your wisdom, your plans, your dreams have to die. And as you die to self, you learn to live for Christ. You replace what you want with what He wants.
- Once you have completely repented and totally yielded yourself to Him, His Spirit can fill you and empower you to become a genuinely Christlike person who can have healthy relationships that bring great glory to Christ and allow people to truly love you for you!
There is so much cause for HOPE! Jesus can deliver you from the bondage of martyrdom. His power is strong enough to remove every sin and wrong way of thinking and bring you joy, peace, freedom, hope and abundant life!